European Court of Human Rights, Strasbourg

 What are human rights?
Human rights are innate rights enjoyed by
every human being simply in virtue of being born
as a human being
, in short, in virtue of being a human being.
They are independent of nationality, religious or ethnic affiliation,
skin colour, sex, language, political or other ideological
orientation, profession or social origins.
Human rights are not the same as fundamental rights.
Fundamental rights are basic civil rights
i.e. freedoms conferred and regulated by the
authorities of the state
, e.g. the right to vote freely.
By contrast, the human rights are innate rights and are valid
for all human beings everywhere and at all times, completely independent of the state and its authorities.


Global Ethic
and Politics

Human Rights
and Human